7 Posts for 8-2-21, with brief summaries and links to original articles
- A tendency to focus on the past plays a key role in increasing depressive symptoms among individuals with childhood trauma – The study found that childhood trauma was associated with elevated depressive symptoms, but only among those who showed a tendency to focus on the past over the present and future. The more childhood trauma in a participant’s past, the more they focused on the past over the present and future, and the more they showed severe depressive symptoms. From: PsyPost.com
- Beyond Remission: From Alcohol Dependence to Optimal Mental Health – Study of Canadians with a history of alcohol dependence found 71% were no longer dependent, 52% were free of any addictions or mental illness, and 38% were in optimal mental health with high levels of happiness and well-being. Researchers examined a nationally representative sample of 820 adult Canadians with a history of alcohol dependence to 19,945 who had never been addicted to alcohol. And , there is good news for those struggling with alcohol dependence: the possibility of ending this dependency gets easier with age. From: Ken Pope, PhD, source: Substance and Misuse (journal)
- Why understanding inherited trauma is critical, and what it means for our kids -article discusses “inherited trauma” research and therapy. One expert notes that inherited trauma is not about traumatic life events being able to change but rather “a memory of a traumatic event in our ancestors living on in us.” Exactly how it lives on, and for what reason, is the subject of research and the focus on therapy. The article discusses who parents may be involved in therapy. From: WashingtonPost.com
- Contemplative Psychology: History, Key Assumptions, and Future Directions – From the abstract: Contemplative psychology is concerned with the psychological study of contemplative processes and practices, such as meditation, mindfulness, yoga, introspection, reflection, metacognition, self-regulation, self-awareness, and self-consciousness. Although contemplative psychology borders with other psychological and nonpsychological disciplines, some of its underlying assumptions distinguish it from other remits of psychological and scholarly inquiry, as do its component areas of empirical focus, conceptual nuances, and challenges. The field of contemplative psychology researches meditation, mindfulness, yoga, metacognition, introspection, reflection, self-regulation, self-awareness, self-consciousness and more. The full article requires a fee of $35. From: Perspectives on Psychological Science. This article comes to our attention courtesy of the psychological posting service provided by Ken Pope, PhD.
- Feeling Safe: An Effective Treatment for Paranoia – This is a group treatment developed at Oxford University. The treatment team identified “key maintenance factors” of paranoia: fear of everyday situations poor sleep, excessive worry, and lack of self-confidence. The group is provided for about 6 months, and focuses on coping with the key maintenance factors. Results of a randomized controlled clinical trial with 130 participants found significant reductions of paranoia and delusions – and also improved “general psychological wellbeing.” And, the participants liked the program. From: NeuroscienceNews.com
- Surprising study finds no robust evidence couples’ communication quality predicts relationship satisfaction over time – Analysis of 3 longitudinal studies with over 4K couples finds couples tend to have lower relationship satisfaction when they reported higher levels of negative communication (such as refusing to speak to, insulting, belittling, criticizing, and yelling at the partner). They failed to find consistent evidence that changes in positive communication were associated with subsequent changes in relationship satisfaction. From: PsyPost.com
- Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Mindfulness Meditation in Brain Changes During Reappraisal and Acceptance Among Patients With Social Anxiety Disorder – study at Stanford U. had 108 adult participants who were randomly assisted to 12 weeks of CBT group therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction, or waitlist. Outcomes were measured with self-report (of changes in negative emotion) and functional magnetic resonance imaging. From the report: The results of this study suggest that CBGT and MBSR may be effective treatments with long-term benefits for patients with SAD that recruit cognitive and attention-regulation brain networks. Despite contrasting models of therapeutic change, CBT and MBSR may both enhance reappraisal and acceptance of emotion regulation strategies. From: JamaNetwork.com